There are 6 major types of terrazzo. These are:
Sand Cushion Terrazzo
Regardless of type, all Terrazzo include 3 basic elements:
Terrazzo can be created using an infinite number of matrix & aggregate
combinations to achieve any color or texture.
The matrix is the binder that holds the Terrazzo together. There are three
types of matrices: Epoxy, Cement, and Modified Cement. Epoxy Terrazzo
offers an unlimited color palette and aggregate choice while cementitious
Terrazzo systems are limited to neutrals and pastels utilizing primarily marble chips. Most
Terrazzo installed today is epoxy Terrazzo.
Aggregates are mixed with the matrix to achieve the distinctive texture of
Terrazzo. Crushed marble chips are traditionally used. Glass, mother of pearl,
recycled plastic, recycled porcelain, and even more expensive options are
available at an additional cost.
Divider strips fulfill a functional need in Terrazzo, providing pour stops and
controlling movement, and can also be used as a design element. Strips are
available in Aluminum, White Alloy of Zinc, Brass, and Colored Plastic. Each
style strip is available in a number of standard widths from 16 gauge (1/16”) up to 1/2”.